Low vision in Africa

In Africa, it was estimated that 6.8 blind people, and 18 million with low vision.

(“NGDO Workshop for vision 2020 in Africa” Addis Ababa, Ethiopia 2005)

The Low Vision Department at Mekkah Eye Complex

Low Vision Department at Makkah Eye Complex, Khartoum was established in March 2005. Patients with some residual vision are referred to this department for the possibility of enhancement through low vision devices. With appropriate training and counseling low vision devices (LVD) can make significant change in the quality of life of affected individuals.

Causes of Low Vision:

1/ Ocular diseases with progressive deterioration.

   (macular degeneration, cataract, glaucoma and diabetic retiopathy).

Most people get low vision due to such diseases, few may get it due to the following reasons:

2/ Accident (e.g.: optic atrophy due to brain injuries).

3/ Inheritance.

Symptoms of Low Vision:

– Difficulty to recognize familiar faces.

– Difficulty to identify, locate and find objects.

– Difficulty to read street or bus signs or the stores names.

– Difficulty to differentiate colors.

Low vision Department

Low Vision is a bilateral visual impairment that affect the vision function, and cannot be corrected with eye glasses, contact lenses, surgery or medicine.

Low vision is differ from total blindness, as the low vision patient must has some usable vision remaining in the eyes. The low vision patient is the persons  who have the potential for enhancement of functional vision if he receives appropriate low vision service.

Low vision exam

In low vision exam is vary from the standard refraction exam, and may take more time due to the variety of tests, as the exam includes:

- Visual acuity.

- Visual field (to check the peripheral vision).

- Ocular motility (to check the movement of eyes).

- Contrast Sensitivity (to describes the ability to detect objects of low contrast).

Low Vision staff:

1/ Afra Ibrahim (supervisor)

2/ Dr. Atif Babiker Mohamed Ali (partimer)

3/ Elham Osman

4/ Aisha Yousif


Patients are provided with the appropriate devices to help them to use their residual vision more effectively in reading and seeing the near persons and objectives in home and outdoor. This will enable them to learn, work and to practice their usual life independently.

Optical and non-optical devices are prescribed for patients.

Non-optical devices:

 - Closed circuit television.

- Lamps with high illumination.

- Special magnifying mirrors.

- Talking electronic devices: talking watch, calculators, etc.

– Large print materials

Optical  devices:

- Magnifiers .

 - Telescopes with multi powers.

- Glasses with filters for specific colors.

قسم الرؤية المتدنية BIF SUDAN | Al Basar International Foundation

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